How To Build A Winter Pond Cover
A winter pond cover is a fairly simple structure that helps to protect your koi and goldfish from extreme winter temperatures. Not only does it dramatically reduce or eliminate the formation of ice on the pond, but it also extends the growing season for both fish and plants. Using a winter pond cover in northern climates often allows you start feeding your fish up to a month earlier each spring, allowing koi and goldfish to come out of dormancy and build up their strength earlier each year.
- Easy to build – takes only a few hours
- Little or no ice forms on the pond
- Reusable year after year
- Easy to disassemble and store
The picture to the right was taken in mid January after a very cold night. As you can see the pond was completely free from ice and remained so all winter long . We still recommend using a Pond Heater / De-Icer, Small or Large Aeration Kit.
The components of the frame can be purchased at most building supply stores
- 1-1/4″ PVC electrical conduit for the arches – 10′ lengths
- 3/4″ PVC electrical conduit for the ‘spine’ at top of arches- 10′ lengths
- 3/4″ galvanized metal electrical conduit to support arches – 10′ lengths
- 6 mil plastic (some customers have reported success with heavy duty tarps)
- 2 pieces of re-bar 3′ to 4′ long
- duct tape
Number of Arches: You will need to calculate how many arches you need depending on length of your pond. Arches should be placed 3′ to 3-1/2′ apart.
Arch Height: The height of the arch depends on the width of the pond. A general rule of thumb is that the arch height must be at least 60% of its width.
For example: an arch that spans a 12′ wide pond should be at least 7.2′ tall
- Cut 10′ galvanized conduit in half. Take each of the resulting 5′ stakes and drive them into the ground about 2′ -2-1/2′ deep – angled toward the pond. These will serve as supports for the 1-1/4″ diameter arches. The arches are simply slid over the stakes. (see picture above)
- The stakes should be spaced 3′ to 3-1/2 ‘ apart or closer (depending on the snowfall in your area)
- Begin to place your arches. Start in the middle of the pond and make this arch the tallest. More than one piece of conduit will be needed for medium and large ponds, the conduit simply slips together with male/female ends. Cut the conduit to length for proper size Make each successive arch slightly shorter so that you will achieve a gradual arc in the ‘spine’ and an overall dome shape to the structure
- Once all arches are in place, affix the 3/4″ spine to the top of each arch with duct tape and cable ties. It can be tricky on larger ponds but it is essential to attach the arches to the spine securely. Drive the re-bar into the ground at each end of the pond and slip the spine over each piece to anchor it
- Now for the plastic. Wait for a calm day and pull the plastic over the frame. Once in place, do not trim too much excess plastic from the edges, rather roll up the surplus and use this as the base to place your weights on.
Placing lots of weight to hold the plastic in place is critical! Use whatever is available, rocks, concrete blocks, sand bags etc. Place extra weight on the side where the prevailing wind comes from.
If you live in an area that receives large amounts of snow, it is critical to shovel the snow from around the base of the dome. If the snow is allowed to pile up too much around the base, the excessive weight can put too much pressure causing the plastic to split or the frame to warp or bend.
Also check out Get Ready For Winter