905-715-2447 Spring Hours: Tuesday to Sunday 10:00 am-5:00 pm 3301 Sideroad 10, Bradford, ON Canada
905-715-2447 Spring Hours: Tuesday to Sunday 10:00 am-5:00 pm 3301 Sideroad 10, Bradford, ON Canada

Large Pond Algae Control

Hydrosphere Water Gardens > Large Pond Algae Control

Large Pond Algae Control

large pond algae control

Pond algae is a very common problem, and once it has overtaken a pond, it can seem like a daunting task to get rid of it. Algaecides and other copper-based chemicals often give short term results, but they aren’t the best solution because they aren’t environmentally friendly and they don’t address the actual cause of the problem.   

A proactive approach to solving pond algae works with nature to get to the root of the problem, to naturally create a balanced ecosystem and improve the overall water quality and clarity of the pond. This proactive approach may take longer to eliminate the algae, but will result in long term results.

With our years of knowledge and expertise, we can provide you with the tried and tested water quality management products to restore your  large ponds, lake, golf course pond, farm ponds or retention pond. 

Aeration System Diffuser Placement

Pond Aeration

Adding aeration is the most effective way of improving your pond’s water quality. By increasing circulation and oxygen levels aeration will help to reduce algae, improve water clarity, reduce sludge and muck and create a more balanced ecosystem. To learn more about how aeration can benefit your pond, see our Large Pond Aeration – The Key to a Clear Natural Pond.  

Determining what size aeration system can sometimes be challenging, especially if you have an odd or irregular shaped pond. If you know the dimensions of your pond, including the depth, you can find out what size and type of aeration system you need on our How to size an Aeration System for a Large Pond page. 

Aeration systems are available in different sizes and styles, depending on the size and most importantly the depth of your pond. They are also available in complete kits with fan-cooled cabinets, or without. See all of our Large Pond  Aeration Equipment for aeration systems, compressors, weighted tubing and other components.

Filamentous Algae

Filamentous algae differs from submerged pond plants in that it has no defined root system. It can form gooey clumps of slimy algae, or more fibrous dense strands or mats. In the spring, it often grows in shallow water, clinging to submerged, but as the water warms up, it begins to float on the surface as well.  Common types of algae include Spirogyra and Chara. 

Some algae growth is normal in ponds, however, ponds with thick layers of sludge usually have significant algae blooms that can overtake ponds and become very unnattractive. 

pond algae

Filamentous Algae Control

Early in the spring, filamentous algae can often be controlled with pond dye, such as Blue Lake Dye, Serenity Blue Dye or Black Pond Dye. If pond dye is added early enough, before the algae reaches the surface of the pond, pond dye can block enough of the sun’s light to help reduce algae growth. Lake Phosphate Binder binds suspended organic particulate and locks up excess nutrients to keep your pond water clear and polished all season long. Barley Straw Pellets are also effective at reducing filamentous alge, especially if added early in the season. As the barley breaks down, it releases tannin and other compounds that inhibit algae growth.

When filamentous algae is floating on the surface of the pond, it can removed with a lake rake or parachute skimmer.

Common Types of Filamentous Algae

chara pond algae

Chara Pond Algae

Chara (also known as Muskweed) is an algae that actually looks like a submerged plant, in fact, it often gets confused with coontail. It is a large, bright green branching algae that has no roots and also has a distinctive odour. When pulled from the water it has a noticeable garlic-like smell. Chara will form dense mats that can cover large areas if left alone.  

filamentous string green slime algae

Spirogyra 'Green Slime"

Spirogyra AKA ‘green slime’ or ‘pond scum’ grows in long single strands. these strands usually grow together forming dens mats of algae. In early spring, Spirogyra and other similar types of algae grow at the bottom of the pond in shallow water. During warmer weather, thick mats of algae form at the surface as tiny bubble of oxygen produced by the algae, become trapped in the algae. 

Planktonic Pond Algae

Planktonic algae is a microscopic algae that makes ponds cloudy. In mild cases, the pond becomes slightly hazy and does’t ‘sparkle’ like it once did. In more severe cases, the pond water can turn very green and cloudy, reducing visibilty to only a few inches. Planktonic algae blooms may be temporary and last only a few weeks, or they can be an ongoing problem that reoccurs each year.

There can be many different causes of algae blooms. The most common is often an organic sludge layer on the bottom of the pond releasing into the water. However, it can also be the result of nutrient rich runoff water entering the pond from farmers fields, recently fertilized lawns, or even nutrients from other ponds ‘upstream’. 

planktonic pond algae green water

Planktonic Algae Control

Once planktonic algae is growing in the pond, it can’t be physically removed because each algae cell is microscopic. This algae must be controlled by other means.

Early in the spring, planktonic algae can often be controlled with pond dye, such as Blue Pond Dye, Serenity Blue Dye or Black Pond Dye. Add the pond dye early in the spring, before the algae begins to grow too quickly, keep re applying the dye to keep the colour from fading. Pond dye can block enough of the sun’s light to prevent the algae from growing. Lake Phosphate Binder binds suspended organic particulate and locks up excess nutrients to help starve the algae.

Planktonic Algae in Large Ponds

green pond planktonic algae

Planktonic Pond Algae

Planktonic algae usually turns ponds varying shades of green. This pond was about as close to ‘Pea Soup’ green as it gets!

large pond cloudy water

Plantonic Pond Algae

Not all ponds turn green. Planktonic algae is usually the cause of the murky water in ponds that are brown in colour.

Large Pond Treatments

Click Below to See Our Effective Pond Treatments
Lake & Large Pond Treatments

There are several effective products to help improve water quality, water clarity and reduce sludge in your pond. 

  • ClearOut– is a natural beneficial bacteria designed to work in the water column to help improve water quality and clarity by digesting organics in the pond
  • Pond Dye – helps to reduce algae growth by shading the pond and reducing the amount of sunlight available to the algae
  • Barley Straw Pellets – a natural way to control algae. Simply broadcast pellets around the perimeter of the pond every couple of months.
  • Lake Phosphate Binder – improves pond clarity and reduces algae growth by locking up excess nutrients.  It can be applied early in the spring because it is effect in any water temperature. 
  • MuckOut – Eliminates pond muck and sludge that accumulates at the bottom of your pond. Reducing sludge will reduce the nutrients that feed algae and unwanted pond weeds.